The African renaissance--the renewal of the continent--effectively started in the last decade of the second millennium. A critical element has been the increasing and widespread democratic awakening in all parts of Africa since the early 1990s as evidenced by the number of multi-party elections. Demonstrating their commitment to democracy, African leaders, under the auspices of regional organizations such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union (AU), have increasingly made a number of treaties, declarations, and other political commitments in the field of democracy and good governance (including the New Partnership for Africa’s Development and the Declaration on Africa’s Response to Unconstitutional Changes of Government).
Significantly, the recent politico-constitutional crisis in Togo, brought on by the sudden death of President Gnassingbe Eyadema in early February 2005, who had ruled the country with an iron fist for thirty-eight years, and the interim succession of his son, Faure Gnassingbe, to the presidency, raised issues of democracy and good governance and provided an opportunity for African countries to test the effectiveness of the various democracy-related instruments.
Adopting a legal-jurisprudential perspective, the author skillfully examines the contradictions between the regional-international legal instruments that permit interference in the internal affairs of a Member State of ECOWAS and AU and the principles of international law that provide for sovereign equality of States and non-interference in the internal affairs of a sovereign State.
This work will interest scholars, students, and researchers in international law, international politics, and international relations as well as general readers, especially those interested in African affairs.